The First International Sakharov Conference on Physics was held on May 2731,
1991, in Moscow, USSR.
The conference was organized by P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute. It was supported
by the USSR Academy of Sciences, its Nuclear Physics Department, and the Public
Comission for the Prepetuation of the Memory of Academician A.D.Sakharov and his
Heritage.
The topics of the Conference were closely related to the fundamental scientific
concepts and the problems investigated by A.D.Sakharov, and reflected modern
developments in these fields.
More than 400 participants (300 from the USSR and 100 from the other countries)
took part in the work of the Conference.
The main topics included:
modern state of fusion
quarks and gluons
baryon asymmetry
quantum cosmology and gravitation
string and field theory.
The Conference resulted in 41 plenary and 89 section talks. Section talks were
distributed between six sections:
Field Theory (coordinators  I.V.Tyutin, B.L.Voronov)
Superstrings (coordinator  M.A.Vasiliev)
Elementary Particles (coordinators  I.M.Dremin, A.A.Bykov)
Quantum Gravity and Cosmology (coordinator  V.P.Frolov)
Quantum Mechanics and Mathematical Methods in Physics (coordinator  V.I.Man'ko)
Experiment (coordinator  V.A.Tsarev)
I. FIELD THEORY
D.A.Kirzhnits, Elementary Length
M.A.Soloviev, Causality and Nonlocal Field Theories
O.W.Greenberg, Small Violations of Particle Statistics
A.B.Govorkov, Impossibility of Small Violation of the Pauli Principle
Within Local Quantum Field Theory
Yu.A.Golfand, NonPerturbative Methods in Quantum Field Theory (Research Proposal)
M.Ya.Palchik, V.N.Zaikin, Conformal Invariant Vdimensional Field Theory
V.I.Ogievetsky, Harmonics: Hamiltonian Analogies and Quaternionic Analyticity
Yu.V.Novozhilov, D.V.Vassilevich, Induced Gravity
V.Ya.Fainberg, A.N.Kuznetsov, A.V.Subbotin, Stochastic Quantization and Topological Theories
I.Ya.Aref'eva, Quantum Group Gauge Fields
M.Henneaux, J.D.Vergara, BRST Formalism and Gauge Invariant Operators: The Example
of the Free Relativistic Particle
G.V.Grigoryan, R.P. Grigoryan, I.V.Tyutin, Equivalence of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian BRST
Quantizations: Systems with FirstClass Constraints
S.A.Frolov, A.A.Slavnov, Canonical Quantization of Regularized Anomalous Schwinger Model
and String Theory
L.V.Prokhorov, S.V.Shabanov, Gauge Field Invariants and Confinement
J.W.Moffat, Finite Nonlocal Electroweak Theory and the Origin of Fermion Masses
N.V.Krasnikov, A.B.Kyatkin, The tQuark Mass in the Supersymmetric SU(5)Model with Composite
Superhiggses
A.A.Anselm, Cosmological Periodic Structure of the Universe and Condensate of PseudoGoldstone
Field
A.V.Leonidov, A.I.Zelnikov, On the Nonlocal Effective Action at Finite Temperature
S.P.Gavrilov, D.M.Gitman, Problems of an External Field in NonAbelian Gauge Theory
A.I.Nikishov, V.I.Ritus, Exponentially Small Terms in Asymptotics of Parabolic Cylinder
Functions and Pair Creation by Constant Electric Field
B.P.Kosyakov, Field of Arbitrarily Moving Colored Charge
II. QUANTUM MECHANICS AND MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS
L.C.Biedenharn, A.K.Ciftci, Some Remarks on Sticking Fraction Calculations in MuonCatalyzed
DeuteriumTritium Fusion
Y.S.Kim, Entropy in the Wigner Phase Space Picture of Quantum Mechanics and
Feynman's Rest of the Universe
V.I.Man'ko, Nonstationary Casimir Effect and Quantum Vacuum Generator of Current
V.V.Dodonov, Neutrino and Photon Gravitational Waveguides
A.N.Leznov, Parametric (Soliton) Solutions to Integrable Systems as a Subclass
of the Solutions Depending on a Set of Arbitrary Functions
L.Feher, WAlgebras of Generalized Toda Theories
A.Bohm, Atomistic and Holistic Understanding in PhysicsConstituent and
Collective Models
T.D.Palev, N.I.Stoilova, OSP(3/2) Noncanonical Quantum Oscillator
V.P.Karassiov, Polynomial Deformations of Oscillator Algebras in Quantum Theories
with Internal Symmetries
A.G.Ushveridze, QuasiExact Solvability. New Phenomenon in Quantum Mechanics
K.Akama, I.Oda, Topological PregaugePregeometry
D.Karabali, B.Sakita, Field Theory of D=1 Matrix Model
G.V.Ryazanov, TimeSymmetric Electrodynamics as Generator of Electron Mass,
Quantum Mechanics and Gravitation
J.J.Giambiagi, Huyghens Principle in Odd Number of Dimensions
V.S.Vanyashin, On the Number of Extra Dimensions
M.B.Green, PointLike Structure in String Theory
III. SUPERSTRINGS
A.A.Tseytlin, SpaceTime Duality, Dilaton and String Cosmology
L.Brink, M.Henningson, Strings in a Curved Background
C.Vafa, SmallLarge Duality in String Theory
M.A.Vasiliev, HigherSpin Gauge Theories
C.B.Thorn, Reformulating String Theory with the 1/N Expansion
D.Amati, On SpaceTime at Small Distances
V.V.Fock, N.A.Nekrasov, A.A.Rosly, K.G.Selivanov, What We Think About the Higher
Dimensional ChernSimons Theories
I.Bars, Black Holes and Strings in Curved SpaceTime
Yu.Makeenko, Matrix Models and Loop Equations
J.Fuchs, From Tensor Products to the Modular Matrix S and Back
A.T.Filippov, Relativistic Confined Bound States and "Discrete Strings"
A.Sagnotti, Recent Developments in OpenString Theories
V.V.Nesterenko, Models of Spinning Particles with Higher Derivatives and
BosonFermion Transmutations
I.A.Bandos, A.A.Zheltukhin, NewmanPenrose Diades, Lorentz Harmonics and NullSuper PBranes
Covariant Quantization
IV. ELEMENTARY PARTICLES
J.A.Wheeler, Sakharov Revisited; "It From Bit"
A.Martin, The Quark Model of Hadrons
V.A.Kuzmin, V.A.Rubakov, M.E.Shaposhnikov, Electroweak Baryogenesis
L.McLerran, High Energy Instanton Induced Processes in Electroweak Theory
S.A.Bludman, Neutrino Masses and Lifetimes
L.B.Okun, Fundamental Constants of Physics
J.C.Pati, Grand Unification in a Broader Perspective (In Honor of Andre Sakharov)
M.Creutz, Abelian Sandpiles
I.M.Dremin, Scaling Laws and Phase Transitions in Multiparticle Dynamics
L.V.Fil'kov, The Dynamics of QuarkGluon Plasma Expansion
R.Wilson, Physics of the b Quark
A.Ali, Rare Decays of BMesons
M.Dineykhan, G.V.Efimov, On Bound States in the Quantum Field Theory
Yu.A.Simonov, QCD and Quark Model
B.A.Arbuzov, On Possible Narrow Resonances in the Fusion Reaction of Deuterium Nuclei
V. QUANTUM GRAVITY AND COSMOLOGY
Yu.Ne'eman, Progress in Quantum Gravity
M.A.Markov, On the Possibility of a Full Determinism Violation of a Gravitational
Collapse Near the Singularity ("Beyond the End of Time")
B.L.Altshuler, Initial Conditions: Physics or Metaphysics?
H.Terazawa, Future Prospects of Pregeometry
D.N.Page, The Arrow of Time
M.B.Mensky, The Problem of Time in Quantum Cosmology and SelfMeasurement of the Universe
A.O.Barvinsky, Euclidean Quantum Gravity Versus Lorentzian Theory: Applications
to the Inflationary Cosmology
R.Brout, On Time
V.P.Frolov, Physical Effects in Wormholes and the "Time Machine" Problem
H.R.Rubinstein, Neutrino Dark Matter
D.D.Harari, V.D.Skarzhinsky, Cosmic String Catalysis of Quantum Processes
V.A.Berezin, V.A.Kuzmin, I.I.Tkachev, Black Holes and Vacuum Phase Transitions
J.Iliopoulos, Quantum Instability of De Sitter Space
V.F.Mukhanov, M.I.Zelnikov, Modulation of Perturbation Spectra
A.Mezhlumian, A.A.Starobinsky, Stochastic Inflation: New Results
M.Yu.Khlopov, Astronuclear Experiment Astrobelix as a Test of Baryosynthesis Models
M.Wolff, Microphysics, Fundamental Laws and Cosmology
M.GellMann, J.B. Hartle, Time Symmetry and Asymmetry in Quantum Mechanics
and Quantum Cosmology
VI. EXPERIMENT
A.I.Pavlovskii, Magnetic Cumulation of Energy (History and Current Status)
E.Teller, A.J.Glass, T.K.Fowler, A.Hasegawa, J.F.Santarius, Space Propulsion by Fusion in
a Magnetic Dipole
P.H.Rebut, Impact of JET Results on the Concept of a Fusion Reactor
L.Fellin, The RFX Experiment: a New Step Towards Magnetic Fusion in the Reversed Field
Pinch Configuration
D.R.O.Morrison, Review of Cold Fusion
V.A.Tsarev, Current Status of Cold Fusion
L.P.Feoktistov, The Problems of Laser Thermonuclear Fusion
R.H.Dalitz, The Young Sakharov and His "Isotopic Parity"
H.J.Lipkin, Hadron Masses, Magnetic Moments and Weak Decays Following the
Pioneering Work of Andrei Sakharov
F.Reines, L.R.Price, The Experimental Status of Baryon Conservation
K.Nishijima, Quark Masses and Renormalization Group
L.G.Afanasyev, V.V.Karpukhin, V.I.Komarov, A.V.Kolomyichenko, V.V.Kruglov,
A.V.Kuptsov, L.L.Nemenov, M.V.Nikitin, M.A.Ivanov, Zh.P.Pustylnik, O.E.Gorchakov,
A.V.Kulikov, S.V.Trusov, V.V.Yazkov,
Observation of an Effect Caused by Coulomb Interaction in the pi^{+}pi^{}System

